In India, members of a network of single women, Ekal Nari Shakti Sangathan, that helps secure the right of widows to live with dignity and justice. UN Women/Gaganjit Singh (File)
“It is clear that we have not invested sufficiently in gender equality,” Mr. Ban said at a side event hosted by UN Women and the World Bank on Financing for Gender Equality. “We know that persisting gaps in gender equality and women’s empowerment in the world have been a barrier to the full achievement of each of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).”
He noted that currently, less than 10 per cent of official development assistance (ODA) targets women, and many gender equality policies and programmes remain unfunded by domestic resources. “This has to change now if we are to achieve sustained, inclusive and equitable economic growth and development.”
Mr. Ban said that gender-responsive budgeting and planning processes, such as those in Tanzania that provide free primary schooling or farm input subsidies, can help ensure that public revenue is raised, prioritized and spent in ways that benefit women and girls.
In addition, accounts from Cambodia, Costa Rica and Sri Lanka show how reducing spending on security and the military can effectively redirect financing into social programmes.
Enforcing existing tax obligations can also yield significant revenue from the private sector for this purpose, the Secretary-General added, while the business community has a key role to play in creating decent employment, equal pay and supporting women’s leadership.
He noted that the expected outcome of the development financing conference – the Addis Ababa Action Agenda – is clear about the need to invest in policy making and legislation to ensure women’s equal rights and their participation and leadership in the economy.
“It will take the concerted efforts of all of us to implement the right financing policies and allocations to ensure that women and men, girls and boys will benefit equally from the new global sustainable development framework. This is their right and it must be our legacy.”
Jim Yong Kim, President of the World Bank Group, told the gathering that evidence showed that gender equality is not only a condition for social justice but a powerful driver of economic growth that can help deliver social justice.
He noted that despite progress in recent years in areas such as education and maternal mortality, the world has fallen short in bringing women’s assets, earnings and employment in line with those of men.
“This should galvanize all of us to arm ourselves with the best possible evidence about what works to close these gaps, leverage new partnerships and funding streams and sharply scale up the smartest, most promising programmes to meet these challenges,” he stated.
Stressing the need for a “new financing mindset,” Mr. Kim said that while aid is critical, it is now also time to catalyze and leverage new streams of financing from public, private, domestic and international sources. “Collecting taxes fairly, efficiently and transparently is critically important in ways that don’t penalize women when they bring home a second income, for example, or spend money on food and other goods that sustain their families.
“When women earn more, public finances will improve and commercial profits increase because of increased demand and productivity,” he continued. “When we promote true equality, including equal pay for equal work, we all stand to benefit because better educated mothers produce healthier children and women who earn more invest in the next generation.
“Creating a level playing field is always good for business, and it’s especially good for women,” he stated, adding that this kind of inclusive growth is vital to ending extreme poverty over the next 15 years.
“Only by empowering women and giving them an equal opportunity for jobs and equal pay for equal work can we be the first generation in human history to end extreme poverty in our lifetime. Reaching that goal will be one of humankind’s greatest achievements and I have no doubt that women will lead the way.”
Ahead of this week’s conference, UN Women called for transformative financing to end gender inequality by 2030. High ambition, backed by stepped-up action to make the right investments, puts that goal within reach for all women and girls, it pointed out.
UN Women added that beyond increasing the amount of financing, including through official development assistance and domestic resources such as taxation, countries need to adopt public policies that address the root causes and consequences of gender inequality and discrimination in all areas of life. In this regard, women must participate fully in decision-making at all levels, and action should be taken to mainstream gender in national planning and budgeting processes.