Washington, D.C.–(ENEWSPF)–January 7, 2011.
|Secretary Clinton’s Swearing-In of Robert Ford to be Ambassador to Syria / Deliver Firm Messages|
|Secretary Clinton’s Travel to New York to Visit King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia / Meeting with Prime Minister Hariri|
|Alleged Report of Detained American in Iran|
|Next Round of E-3+3 Talks in Istanbul / Look to See Meaning Negotiations / Holding Iran Accountable|
|Ambassador Bosworth Travel / Meetings / Next Steps on Korean Peninsula Issues|
|Secretary’s Upcoming Travel / Range of Issues will be Discussed / Iraq / Concerns over Iran / Update Leaders on Range of Issues|
|WikiLeaks / Persons Negatively Affected / Identified People of Potential Risk / Have Provided Assistance / Will Continue to Monitor|
|Detained American / Consular Services Provided|
|Possible al-Sadr Visit to the U.S.|
|Ambassador Ford to Syria / Serve U.S. Interests / Great Concerns of Syrian Activities / Hezbollah|
|Multiple Conversions / Strong Protest / Investigating|
|Death of Vang Pao / Extend Condolences|
|Concern over Demonstrations / Social and Economic Unrest / Want to See Restraint on all Sides / Concerned over Hacking Activity Associated with Social and Media Websites / Summoning the Ambassador|
|Continue to Monitor Situation / Over-Lapping Dynamic with Tunisia / Continue to Review / Engage Government / Looking out for U.S. Citizens|
|Financial Sanctions / Concerns of Human Rights Abuses / Continue to Work with International Community|
|Extremism / Strategic Dialogue / Political Violence / Civilian-Led Democratic Government is Integral|
|U.S. Strategy / Bosworth Travel / Open to Dialogue / Steps North Korea Must Take|
|Foreign Minister Maehara’s Speech / Senkaku Islands / Discussion with China / Upcoming Visit of President Hu Jintao|
|Value Their Investment in the Future Afghanistan|
|A/S Valenzuela Travel / History of Close Cooperation / Meeting with Community Leaders|
1:51 p.m. EST
MR. CROWLEY: To continue on with the rest of the world, so to speak, earlier this afternoon, the Secretary of State swore in as the new United States Ambassador to Syria Robert Ford. He is one of our most qualified U.S. diplomats. He is tough, principled, and skilled with a proven track record. He is exactly the right person for this job.
We have significant interests in Damascus and across the Middle East. Being without an ambassador serves no purpose other than to disadvantage the United States. A high-level representative in Damascus will make it possible to deliver strong, consistent messages to the Syrian Government and further U.S. interests and security. Putting an ambassador in Damascus should not be viewed as a reward to the Syrian Government. It improves our ability to deliver firm messages to the Syrian Government and to articulate clearly our concerns and priorities to Syria.
The Secretary later this afternoon will travel to New York this evening. She will visit with King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia to wish him well as he continues to recover from back surgery. We are delighted that the king, a valued friend and ally, is ready to receive visitors. And the Secretary will wish him a rapid recovery. Also in New York, she will meet with Prime Minister Saad Hariri and will reiterate our support for a sovereign, stable, and politically independent Lebanon.
Several of you asked yesterday about this report of, allegedly, a U.S. citizen detained in Iran. We have no information to corroborate this alleged incident. In addition to checking our own records, we have contacted Armenian authorities, and through our Swiss protecting power, the Iranian Government concerning these reports. Neither Iran nor Armenia reports having any record of a U.S. citizen crossing or attempting to cross the Iran-Armenia border as indicated in media accounts.
We also take note of the fact that earlier today, Lady Catherine Ashton confirmed that the next round of the P-5+1 or E-3+3 will be in Istanbul later this month. We look forward to the next round of discussions. We would like to see a meaningful negotiations process emerge. We and our partners are committed to pragmatic efforts to resolve the international community’s concerns about Iran’s nuclear program. But we are equally committed to holding Iran accountable to its international obligations and will continue to focus on this until Iran demonstrates that – through tangible steps that it is prepared to resolve international concerns.
Ambassador Steve Bosworth is on his way back to the United States. He met earlier today with Vice Foreign Minister Kenichiro Sasae and Assistant Chief Cabinet Secretary Chikao Sasae. He had very useful and productive discussions determining next steps on Korean Peninsula issues. Clearly, he had the opportunity to report to the Japanese Government on the results of his travels and discussions in Seoul and Beijing earlier this week.
QUESTION: Yeah, I’m sorry I missed the top. But what was – what prompted your comments about Ford, about the ambassadorship?
MR. CROWLEY: He was sworn in today.
QUESTION: Oh. There wasn’t a complaint from someone?
MR. CROWLEY: No, not —
QUESTION: Are you – you’re not referring directly to Ileana Ros-Lehtinen?
MR. CROWLEY: No, just simply saying – just noting the fact that he has been sworn in and will, in the coming days, travel to Damascus.
QUESTION: When do you expect him to travel?
MR. CROWLEY: I think there are some consultations that he will have here in the building, but I would expect Ambassador Ford to be in place before the end of January.
QUESTION: On the Secretary’s meeting in New York today, do you expect a trilateral meeting between – with the king and Hariri?
MR. CROWLEY: That’s not my understanding. My – I believe that they will have separate meetings, but she – we find that both are in New York and there’s a good opportunity for her to check in with both King Abdullah and also the prime minister.
QUESTION: Is the meeting only to wish the king good wishes? Because the timing of her – of this meeting comes when Hariri announced today that the king achieved an understanding with Asad to diffuse tension in Lebanon.
MR. CROWLEY: Well, I think her primary purpose in visiting with the king is very definitely a social one, to wish him well. I wouldn’t be surprised if they do get into a – knowing the king, that – get into a discussion of regional issues. Certainly, she will emphasize to the king as well as to the prime minister that – our support of the democratic government in Lebanon as well as our ongoing support for the special tribunal.
QUESTION: P.J., another question. There is a case, apparently, of Gulet Mohamed, an American teenager detained in Kuwait, and the allegation has said he was detained at the behest of the United States and tortured. Do you have anything on that?
MR. CROWLEY: Well, as to the first, he was not detained at the behest of the United States Government. We have been providing him consular services. I’m not at liberty to say a great deal. We don’t have a Privacy Act waiver. But we have – we are aware of his detention, we have provided him consular services, and we are ensuring his well-being, as we would for any citizen in detention.
QUESTION: Staying in the region, what is the position of the U.S. on a visit to the U.S. by Mr. al-Sadr?
MR. CROWLEY: Well, we touched on that a couple of days ago. He is obviously the leader of a political party that won a –
QUESTION: The question was about a visit to the U.S by –
MR. CROWLEY: Oh, I’m sorry.
QUESTION: Visit to the U.S.
MR. CROWLEY: Oh, I thought it was visit to Iraq.
QUESTION: No, no.
MR. CROWLEY: I’m sorry. I’m not aware of any plans for al-Sadr to visit.
QUESTION: No, I have – the organizers of the National Prayer Breakfast have been approached to ascertain their – and to invite him for – in February, and their reply is not yet time. And now they are looking at 2012. So what is the position of the U.S. if he wants to come?
MR. CROWLEY: Well, as with –
QUESTION: Under how many sections of the law is he ineligible for a visa? (Laughter.)
MR. CROWLEY: As with anyone around the world, they are free to apply to come to the United States and we will evaluate that request.
QUESTION: Can I go back to the appointment – to the assumption of duties by Ambassador Ford for a second? You mentioned, Mr. Crowley, that this should not be perceived by Syria as a reward. How should it be perceived? Is it – I mean, are relations back on track? Is there improvement in relations? And how do – how should we interpret this?
MR. CROWLEY: We have ambassadors in place in countries with which we have significant disagreements. Our ambassador is there to serve the U.S. interests and to, on a daily basis, be able to communicate our views to the Syrian Government. I would say if other groups, including Hezbollah, have the opportunity to communicate with Syria every day, the United States should have that same opportunity.
QUESTION: Okay, but just a quick follow-up. Considering that the former ambassador was pulled out at a very low point in U.S.-Syrian relations, should we consider that we are now beyond that low point, that we are at a better point?
MR. CROWLEY: That’s a tough one to answer. We obviously want to see Syria play a constructive role. It has at times. We have great concerns about activities that Syria has engaged in, in the context of its ongoing support for Hezbollah. So – but this is why we have chosen to place our ambassador in Damascus at this time.
QUESTION: Thank you.
MR. CROWLEY: David.
QUESTION: On the Secretary’s trip to the Gulf, is she going out there with a specific shopping list to get these Gulf countries to do specific things vis-à-vis setting up embassies in Iraq, attending the Arab League summit? I mean, does she have a tailored list for everybody out there?
MR. CROWLEY: Well, first of all, the Secretary enjoys traveling to the region on a regular basis. It is a good time for her to touch base in key countries in the Gulf. There’ll be a range of issues that they will discuss. I am certain that the issue of Iraq and helping to reintegrate Iraq in the region will be among the topics discussed. We want to see countries in the region reestablish relations with the new Iraqi Government. Clearly, the countries that she’ll visit – the UAE, Oman, and Qatar – have concerns, as we do, about Iran. I’m sure that we’ll have the opportunity to update leaders in these countries on a range of issues, including the Middle East peace.
QUESTION: Do you think that they’re – thus far have been sympathetic enough to the Iraqi – the new Iraqi Government, given that it’s Shiite-dominated and they’re mainly Sunni out there?
MR. CROWLEY: Well, there’s a new government that is just now in place, getting its feet on the ground. And I think her message will be, as the government stabilizes and begins its work, that it will be appropriate for these countries to do an outreach and work collaboratively and draw Iraq into – reintegrate Iraq, if you will, into the rest of the region.
QUESTION: P.J., a trio of questions that cover all of what was French Indochina.
MR. CROWLEY: Oh, boy.
QUESTION: One, is there any update on the situation with the Vietnamese and the assault on the diplomat? Have they apologized? Has there been any response from them to your protests?
MR. CROWLEY: As Mark detailed yesterday, we have had multiple conversations, both here in Washington and in Vietnam, to express our deep concern. We have registered a strong protest. They are investigating, and I believe we are still awaiting more information from them.
QUESTION: Okay. Secondly, moving to Laos, do you have any comment on the death last night of Vang Pao, who played a significant role in U.S. policy in the region during a difficult time?
MR. CROWLEY: Well, we do extend our sincere condolences to Vang Pao’s family and his many friends inside and outside of the Hmong community.
QUESTION: That’s it?
MR. CROWLEY: Really. Well, after all he did for you, and then Cambodia? Are you aware of or do you have any concerns about this new proposed law on nongovernmental organizations – human rights groups?
MR. CROWLEY: Let me take the question.
QUESTION: So the answer is no.
MR. CROWLEY: Well, no. The answer is I don’t know.
QUESTION: So (inaudible). I heard Tunisian ambassador has been called here yesterday to hear about U.S. concerns about the situation in his country. So I wonder whether you can tell us more about that. And also in Algeria there are a lot of protests. Apparently, it’s the same situation. It’s a social crisis.
MR. CROWLEY: Well –
QUESTION: Let’s throw Ivory Coast in there, too. (Laughter.)
QUESTION: Do you think the situations in Algeria and Tunisia can be related in some way and –
MR. CROWLEY: I’m – it’s difficult for me to say they’re related. We are concerned about demonstrations that have occurred over the past few days in Tunisia. They appear to us to be the result of ongoing social and economic unrest. We, obviously, want to see restraint on all sides. The people of Tunisia have the right to exercise free – public assembly. And we have conveyed our views directly to the Tunisian Government.
We’re also concerned, as part of this, over hacking activity that has occurred associated with various social media sites and websites. Now, this can be – come from many different directions. There have been a number of cyber intrusions, including attacks on the Government of Tunisia’s websites. This, along with incursions into social media accounts, disrupt the free flow of information, and we urge everyone from the government to activists to respect freedom of expression and information. That is a right of everyone.
Regarding Algeria, we are – we continue to monitor the situation. Likewise, there’s unrest. I can’t say that they are necessarily – I mean, we’re not going to say that there’s kind of an overlapping dynamic across the two countries. But we continue to review this and both engage the government in Algeria and as well as look after the safety of our own citizens.
QUESTION: Did you call the Algerian ambassador?
MR. CROWLEY: Well, we did have a conversation here at the State Department yesterday with the Tunisian ambassador. I’m —
QUESTION: What about the Algerian? I’m not aware that we had a similar conversation.
QUESTION: Any update on Hungary?
QUESTION: Whoa, whoa, whoa.
MR. CROWLEY: Okay.
QUESTION: What did you tell the Tunisian ambassador?
MR. CROWLEY: We basically told the Tunisian ambassador what I just told you.
QUESTION: That —
MR. CROWLEY: We have —
QUESTION: That you’re concerned about —
MR. CROWLEY: We have concerns about both the ability of the people of Tunisia to exercise their rights and freedom of expression and freedom of assembly, and we are concerned about activities on multiple ends, both attacks against the government’s websites but also our concerns about potential government activities associated with the social media.
QUESTION: Any update on Hungary?
MR. CROWLEY: Well, wait a second. I’ve got to – where else do I – where am I going? Cote d’Ivoire?
QUESTION: No, I threw in Ivory Coast because he was going through French colonies, former French colonies. (Laughter.)
MR. CROWLEY: Well, we —
QUESTION: We started in Indochina, went to North Africa, and now we’re here in West Africa. (Laughter.)
QUESTION: Actually, he started in Haiti.
QUESTION: Well, that’s true. But I wasn’t here for that. (Laughter.)
MR. CROWLEY: Obviously, as I think Mark talked about yesterday, and as well as the Department of Treasury announced, financial sanctions against President Gbagbo, his wife, Simone Gbagbo, and three senior advisors. The result of these actions – U.S. persons are prohibited from conducting financial or commercial transactions with the designated individuals, and any assets of the designees within U.S. jurisdiction are frozen. We remain concerned about human rights abuses that are occurring in Cote d’Ivoire. The UN human rights division in Abidjan continues to investigate claims and has documented 220 deaths related to the violence.
QUESTION: In terms of Gbagbo and his departure or non-departure, nothing has changed —
MR. CROWLEY: Nothing has changed. We continue to work intensively with the international community, but clearly for the moment he is still dug in.
QUESTION: P.J, on Tunisia, (inaudible) you said that you are concerned for the citizens’ ability to assemble and so on. But hasn’t this been the case for all along, that there are really draconian measures preventing Tunisian citizens from demonstrating or expressing all kinds of – their right to assemble.
MR. CROWLEY: Well, again, we are –
QUESTION: How – my question is how regular –
MR. CROWLEY: You’re right. We have had – this is not the first time we’ve had this discussion, but we are focused right now on activities over the last few days, specifically related to the unrest in Tunisia.
QUESTION: Let me just follow up just for a second. I mean, how regularly do you raise this issue with them? Because this is ongoing situation.
MR. CROWLEY: We – the ambassador was called into the State Department yesterday.
QUESTION: Afghanistan. Due to blockage of supplies by Iran, there has been increasing gas prices in Afghanistan. Are you aware of it, and has it any implications there? I know it will not have on the operations, but —
MR. CROWLEY: I don’t have a particular comment. I’m clearly – we have a substantial post and presence in Afghanistan, so I’m sure we’re aware of it, but I’m not particular – I don’t have a particular comment at this point.
QUESTION: And in neighboring Pakistan, the security guard who assassinated the Punjab governor is being treated like a hero’s welcome over there in the country. Is it – are you concerned about such signs of (inaudible) there?
MR. CROWLEY: Well, we have been concerned about increased extremism in Pakistan for some time. It is at the heart of our Strategic Dialogue and our strategy with respect to Pakistan. As we’ve made clear, violent – political violence is a threat to the civilian government in Pakistan, and obviously this is just the latest example.
QUESTION: And now are you comfortable with the Gillani government getting majority in the parliament (inaudible)?
MR. CROWLEY: Well, it’s not for us to comment. Notwithstanding the views of the Associated Press, it’s not for us to comment on – (laughter) – on political developments in that country. Obviously, progress is –I
QUESTION: (Off-mike.) (Laughter.)
MR. CROWLEY: A civilian-led, democratic government is integral to Pakistan’s economic and social development.
QUESTION: Thank you.
MR. CROWLEY: Thank you.
QUESTION: P.J., can I ask – the New York Times said today the Obama Administration has begun moving to engagement from strategic patience in its North Korea policy.
MR. CROWLEY: We’ve moved from – to engagement from —
QUESTION: Strategic patience.
MR. CROWLEY: — from strategic patience. Well, if you’re dealing with North Korea, you have to exercise strategic patience. We are engaged on this challenge. It’s why Steve Bosworth is just finishing up his trip to Seoul, to Beijing, to Tokyo. We are open to dialogue, as we’ve said clearly, but there are definitely steps that North Korea must take to make it clear that actual face-to-face discussions would be constructive.
QUESTION: Japanese Foreign Minister Maehara delivered a speech in Washington yesterday and in such occasion he reiterate Japan’s position on Senkaku Islands. Do you see any diplomatic implications for him to make such a statement in Washington? And in his meeting with the Secretary yesterday, did the U.S. – did the Japan-China relationship came up?
MR. CROWLEY: In the – I mean, we are aware of the foreign minister’s speech. During the course of the bilateral yesterday, he gave the Secretary a copy of the speech. The issue of the Senkaku Islands did come up during the bilateral yesterday. There was discussions of China in the context not only of regional – of relations among countries in the region, including Japan and China, but also in the context of multilateral organizations, North Korea. The foreign minister asked the Secretary for her assessment of the expectations of the upcoming visit by President Hu Jintao. Obviously, I think Japan recognizes, as we do, the importance of this upcoming visit.
QUESTION: Can I have a follow-up? So what’s the Secretary’s response to the Senkaku issue? What’s the Secretary’s response when they talk about the Senkaku Island issues?
MR. CROWLEY: Well, I mean, she reiterated to the foreign minister our public commitment to the security alliance.
QUESTION: Thank you.
QUESTION: (Inaudible) this week about starting of a trilateral dialogue between the U.S., India, and Japan, for – towards establishing regional peace and stability in Asia. Is that in the pipeline, or when it’s going to start?
MR. CROWLEY: Well, it’s a very good question. Obviously, we value Japan’s cooperation and investment in the future of Afghanistan, but I’m just not aware that – we’ll take the question as to whether —
QUESTION: A trilateral dialogue between U.S., India, and Japan.
MR. CROWLEY: No, I understand the question. I’ll take the question as to whether —
QUESTION: He’s interested in the Japan part.
MR. CROWLEY: I understand that.
QUESTION: Yes, please, can we go to South America a little bit?
MR. CROWLEY: Sure.
QUESTION: Okay. I need some information about the trip that Mr. Valenzuela is going to do this weekend to Argentina and Chile. First of all, I would like to know if he’s going to meet with Mr. – Mrs. Kirchner, the president in Argentina.
MR. CROWLEY: Well, he does look forward to a visit to Buenos Aires next week. He will meet with Foreign Minister Timerman as well as other government officials and community leaders. Some aspects of his schedule are still being worked out.
QUESTION: Do you think he’s going to be with Mrs. Kirchner? That’s the point.
MR. CROWLEY: If he does, we’ll let you know.
QUESTION: Okay. And can I have a follow-up? Do you have the schedule for Chile? Is he going to meet with Mr. Pinera in Chile?
MR. CROWLEY: I do not have his full schedule. We’ll – maybe I’ll talk about that on Monday. But in terms of Argentina, we have a history of close cooperation. They’ll talk about a range of issues in his visit there, from nonproliferation, counterterrorism, counternarcotics, human rights and peacekeeping, to expanding our relations in the areas of science and energy and health and education. But I’ll – we’ll have more details on his – the Chile portion of his trip next week.
QUESTION: Just quick about Maehara, the meeting today with Steinberg. Are they talking about anything new? What’s the purpose of the meeting today?
MR. CROWLEY: Well, I think it reflects the depth of our relationship that – notwithstanding the more than two hours that the Secretary and the foreign minister spent yesterday. We didn’t touch on every subject, but I think that just reflects the importance of his visit.
QUESTION: Actually, speaking of that meeting, the Secretary at the top of the press conference yesterday said that she would cut short her prepared remarks and – because the foreign minister had to go over to the White House, and that those remarks would be released later. Were they ever?
MR. CROWLEY: Yes, they were.
QUESTION: They were.
QUESTION: They were?
MR. CROWLEY: Yeah.
QUESTION: Another follow-up. Does Mr. Valenzuela have the intention to meet with the political opposition in Argentina?
MR. CROWLEY: He will meet with community leaders, but I will – given your interest, we’ll make sure that we give a full readout of his visit.
QUESTION: Thank you.
QUESTION: Sorry, can I just follow up on that? So what issues didn’t they touch on yesterday that they’re perhaps touching on today?
MR. CROWLEY: I can’t tell you that. I don’t know.
QUESTION: Do you have any update on Ambassador Cretz and the consultations?
MR. CROWLEY: No, still ongoing.
QUESTION: Oh, and then the other thing is there was a report this morning which mentioned that – his situation two days after – two days later than it came out, but also talking about U.S. concerns about the people who may have been sources for cables and – that – dumped – leaked by WikiLeaks. As I recall back in early December, you said that you were – you had these concerns and were warning people and had offered or would offer people assistance and protection, including relocation. The story this morning – the news on it appeared to be that some people have, in fact, been relocated.
Do you have any more detail on that? How many; is it true; did they come to you or did you go to them?
MR. CROWLEY: There’s not a lot that we’re going to say about this publicly. We are undertaking mitigation efforts for persons who may have been negatively affected by the release. And we are concerned that – we’re not going to talk in great detail for fear of jeopardizing their safety even more. We have a working group here in the State Department that is intensively focused on this on an ongoing basis. Roughly 30 to 60 people are involved at any one time.
We are focused on people who have been identified in documents and assess whether there’s a greater risk to them of violence, imprisonment, or other serious harm, particularly in repressive societies around the world. We’ve identified several hundred people worldwide that we feel are at potential risk. It is a range of people from civil society, journalists, government officials. And in a few instances, we have provided assistance to individuals at risk, and we will continue to reach out to them, to monitor their situation. In particular cases, we have made it clear to governments that any adverse actions against individuals identified by WikiLeaks will affect future relations with those governments.
But in a small number of cases, we have assisted people in moving from where they are to safer locations.
QUESTION: And can you be more specific about a few instances? I mean, how many are we talking? Ten, 12, a dozen?
MR. CROWLEY: Let me just say a handful at this point.
QUESTION: What was it?
MR. CROWLEY: A handful at this point.
QUESTION: But what – I’ll accept that, but only after I hear the explanation for how the number or a rough estimate in terms of numbers could possibly make any difference. I mean —
MR. CROWLEY: Well – and this is an ongoing effort.
MR. CROWLEY: So a number today that I give you might be —
QUESTION: Right. Well, so far —
MR. CROWLEY: But it is a small number, a few.
QUESTION: Well —
MR. CROWLEY: I don’t have —
MR. CROWLEY: I don’t have a specific number.
QUESTION: All right. When was the working group set up? Does this date back to December 2nd when you first talked about it, or is this something new at this point?
MR. CROWLEY: Well, obviously, we had a 24-hour, seven-day-a-week working group set up in the immediate – in – proximate to the release of these documents in late November. In December, we stood down that working group, but then we stood up an ongoing effort to continue to work through cables, identify people at risk, and then, where appropriate, take steps to reach out to these people around the world, and alert them that either – they, in some cases, have already been identified in cables; in other cases, we know they’re in the database and could be subject to identification at some point in the future.
And these are – this is an effort that will be ongoing for some time, and much of the activity is focused here at the State Department. In some cases, the activity is focused at embassies and consulates around the world.
QUESTION: And you said that you had gone out and told – in some cases, told governments that you would respond and —
MR. CROWLEY: Where we have concern —
MR. CROWLEY: Yes, where we have specific concerns, we have had conversations with specific —
QUESTION: And can you quantify that at all, even in the rough way that you did with the number of people?
MR. CROWLEY: I actually can’t. I can’t.
QUESTION: And when you do that, are you waiting until the cable that might put them at risk has actually been released?
MR. CROWLEY: No, no. We have —
QUESTION: So in other words, there’s stuff out there that the government – that the foreign government in question may not even know about, and you go to them and say, “Mr. – there’s a Mr. X identified in some cable that might or might not be — ”
MR. CROWLEY: No, no, no, no, no, no, no, no. We – obviously, that’s not something – just to clarify, we will – we make clear to governments without discussing particular identities that if they do, for some reason, move on individuals that may be exposed in cables, that that will be something that affects our relations.
QUESTION: Well, but doesn’t that make it more likely that the government will then find out and —
MR. CROWLEY: No. In certain cases, the people who might be identified are already well known to us and well known to specific governments.
QUESTION: Thank you.
MR. CROWLEY: Thank you.
(The briefing was concluded at 2:24 p.m.)