Proposal Will Protect Calving, Foraging Areas of Last Remaining 450 Whales
WASHINGTON—(ENEWSPF)–February 17, 2015. In response to the efforts of conservation and wildlife protection groups, the National Marine Fisheries Service today proposed to protect 39,655 square miles as critical habitat for North Atlantic right whales. Only about 450 of the critically endangered whales exist today, and without additional protections the species faces a serious risk of extinction.
The Fisheries Service’s proposed rule would protect crucial habitat for right whales, including northeast feeding areas in the Gulf of Maine/Georges Bank region and calving grounds from southern North Carolina to northern Florida. However, the proposal entirely ignores the species’ twice-yearly migratory routes through the mid-Atlantic. The proposed rule responds to a September 2009 petition filed by the Center for Biological Diversity, Defenders of Wildlife, The Humane Society of the United States, and Whale and Dolphin Conservation. Issuance of the proposed rule was also compelled by a settlement agreement resolving litigation over the agency’s delay in taking action on the petition.
“Right whales are at an extinction crossroads right now — offshore oil drilling, military sonar and commercial shipping on the Atlantic pose a serious risk to their survival. Protecting critical habitat between calving and foraging areas will be essential to saving these majestic whales,” said Miyoko Sakashita, oceans director at the Center for Biological Diversity.
For several years the Fisheries Service has acknowledged that expanding habitat protections is vital to reflect the most up-to-date information on the North Atlantic right whales’ seasonal habitat use and to help address longstanding threats to the species, including death and serious injury resulting from ship strikes and entanglement in commercial fishing gear. Further, right whales increasingly face emerging threats from offshore energy development. Designating critical habitat under the Endangered Species Act requires the federal government to ensure adequate protected habitat so that human activities won’t degrade the value of the species’ environment or reduce its chances for recovery.
“The long-overdue proposed rule comes not a moment too soon for the right whale,” said Jane Davenport, senior staff attorney at Defenders of Wildlife. “Although we applaud the Fisheries Service for proposing to designate crucial feeding and calving grounds in the Northeast and Southeast, the proposed rule does not go nearly far enough. Migrating right whales must run a dangerous gauntlet twice a year from south to north and back again. The agency must designate sufficient migratory habitat to protect right whales from the lethal threats posed by fishing gear, ship strikes, and offshore energy development.”
The groups’ 2009 petition sought to expand critical habitat protections to all of the right whale’s nursery, breeding and feeding grounds along the East Coast and requested an increase in the whale’s protected area more than tenfold, to more than 50,000 square miles.
“Right now, only 8.5 percent of their habitat is adequately protected by critical habitat” said Regina Asmutis-Silvia, WDC executive director. “Imagine only having 8.5 percent of your home insured? This proposed change would help to protect almost 60 percent of their home range in U.S. waters, an important step toward saving this whale from extinction.”
North Atlantic right whales were devastated by commercial whaling in the 18th and 19th centuries. Despite being federally protected as an endangered species since 1970, the species has not recovered due to continuing threats. Right whales have very low reproductive rates — they do not reach reproductive maturity until age eight, and adult females only give birth to one calf every four years on average.
Photo courtesy of NOAA