Public Maps Out an A to Z of Galaxies

Members of the public have constructed an A to Z of galaxies in the night sky.

UNITED KINGDOM–(ENEWSPF)–11 September 2012.  Volunteers participating in the Galaxy Zoo project have been helping scientists gain new insights by classifying galaxies seen in hundreds of thousands of telescope images as spiral or elliptical. Along the way they’ve also stumbled across odd-looking galaxies which resemble each letter of the alphabet.

The international team behind Galaxy Zoo, including astronomers from Oxford University, are inviting people to be involved in more discoveries as they launch a new incarnation of the site at http://galaxyzoo.org.

From today, the site includes more than 250,000 new images of galaxies, most of which have never been seen by humans. By classifying them, volunteers will add to our understanding of the processes which shaped our universe.

‘We’d like to thank all those that have taken part in Galaxy Zoo in the past five years. Humans are better than computers at pattern recognition tasks like this, and we couldn’t have got so far without everyone’s help,’ says Galaxy Zoo principal investigator Dr Chris Lintott from the University of Oxford. ‘Now we’ve got a new challenge and we’d like to encourage volunteers old and new to get involved. You don’t have to be an expert – in fact we’ve found not being an expert tends to make you better at this task. There are too many images for us to inspect ourselves, but by asking hundreds of thousands of people to help us we can find out what’s lurking in the data.’

More than 250,000 people have taken part in the Galaxy Zoo project since its launch in 2007, sorting through over 1 million images. Their findings have ranged from the scientifically exciting to the weird and wonderful.

Among the spiral and elliptical galaxies that the volunteers have characterised and classified, they have found an entire alphabet of galaxies. Galaxy Zoo team member Dr Steven Bamford of the University of Nottingham has created a website at www.mygalaxies.co.uk where anyone can write their name in the stars.

The team are also keen to add more animals to the volunteers’ celestial zoo, having found a convincing penguin-shaped galaxy.

Along with the quirky appeal of such findings, the researchers suggest such unusual formations may also tell us something about what happens when galaxies collide.

The new images on the Galaxy Zoo site come from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, a ground-based telescope in New Mexico, and from large surveys with NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope.

Astronomer and Galaxy Zoo team member Kevin Schawinski from ETH Zurich in Switzerland says: ‘The two sources of data work together perfectly: the new images from Sloan give us our most detailed view of the local universe, while the CANDELS survey from the Hubble telescope allows us to look deeper into the universe’s past than ever before.’

The team are hoping that the hard work of volunteers on the new site will allow data from the two telescopes to be compared, offering insights into how nearby galaxies as we see them today may have arisen from how the universe looked in the past.

Dr Karen Masters from the University of Portsmouth, another team member, explains: ‘In astronomy, we’re lucky enough to get to see both the past and the present of the universe. By comparing the two, we can try to understand the forces which have shaped the formation of the galaxies in it, including our own Milky Way.’

You can download the following photos:

Anyone can now write their name in the stars: ‘abc as easy as 123’ http://www.ox.ac.uk/images/hi_res/15591_Galaxyzoo2012_03.jpg

‘I can see my house from here’ http://www.ox.ac.uk/images/hi_res/15590_Galaxyzoo2012_02.jpg

‘Science!’ http://www.ox.ac.uk/images/hi_res/15589_Galaxyzoo2012_01.jpg

Penguin-shaped galaxy http://www.ox.ac.uk/images/hi_res/15588_penguin_galaxy.jpg

Notes:

  • The new site is available now to preview at http://beta.galaxyzoo.org/
  • Galaxy Zoo (www.galaxyzoo.org) is a ‘citizen science’ project run by a collaboration of institutions including the Universities of Oxford, Nottingham and Portsmouth, ETH Zurich in Switzerland, The Johns Hopkins University, the University of Minnesota, the University of Alabama and the Adler Planetarium in Chicago. Galaxy Zoo has produced more than 30 peer-reviewed publications which make use of volunteer classifications, and forms part of the Zooniverse.org network of projects which has engaged more than 500,000 volunteers in discovering planets, transcribing ship’s logs and ancient texts, and even listening to whale song, all in the cause of science.
  • This is the fourth version of Galaxy Zoo. The first two used data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, and the third used images from the Hubble Space Telescope. This time, the 250,000 new images come from fresh from the SDSS’s survey of the local universe, and from CANDELS, an imaging survey of the distant universe being carried out with two cameras on board the Hubble telescope.

Source: ox.ac.uk